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Association between indoor tanning frequency during early life and other potentially addictive behaviors among US women

  • Hillary C. Tsibris
    Affiliations
    Department of Dermatology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
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  • Hongmei Nan
    Affiliations
    Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts

    Department of Global Health, Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health, Indiana University, Indianapolis, Indiana

    Department of Epidemiology, Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health, Indiana University, Indianapolis, Indiana
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  • Xin Li
    Correspondence
    Correspondence to: Xin Li, ScD, Department of Epidemiology, Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health, Indiana University, Health Sciences Building, RG 5114, 1050 Wishard Blvd, Indianapolis, IN 46202
    Affiliations
    Department of Epidemiology, Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health, Indiana University, Indianapolis, Indiana

    Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center, Indianapolis, Indiana
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Published:January 05, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2020.12.052
      To the Editor: A total of 7.8 million Americans participate in indoor tanning every year. Frequent indoor tanners may be more likely to participate in other potentially addictive behaviors as well. Indoor tanning participants have been found to consume more alcohol and to have higher rates of risky drinking.
      • Mosher C.E.
      • Danoff-Burg S.
      Addiction to indoor tanning: relation to anxiety, depression, and substance use.
      • Heckman C.J.
      • Coups E.J.
      • Manne S.L.
      Prevalence and correlates of indoor tanning among US adults.
      • Cartmel B.
      • Bale A.E.
      • Mayne S.T.
      • et al.
      Predictors of tanning dependence in white non-Hispanic females and males.
      • Julian A.K.
      • Bethel J.W.
      • Odden M.C.
      • Thorburn S.
      Sex differences and risk behaviors among indoor tanners.
      Frequent indoor tanning was associated with cigarette smoking among adolescent girls,
      • O'Riordan D.L.
      • Field A.E.
      • Geller A.C.
      • et al.
      Frequent tanning bed use, weight concerns, and other health risk behaviors in adolescent females (United States).
      but other studies have not found an association between indoor tanning and smoking
      • Mosher C.E.
      • Danoff-Burg S.
      Addiction to indoor tanning: relation to anxiety, depression, and substance use.
      or nicotine addiction.
      • Cartmel B.
      • Bale A.E.
      • Mayne S.T.
      • et al.
      Predictors of tanning dependence in white non-Hispanic females and males.
      To more definitively investigate the association between indoor tanning and other potentially addictive behaviors, we performed a cross-sectional analysis using data from the Nurses' Health Study II to evaluate whether frequent indoor tanning among young women is associated with smoking, alcohol intake, and caffeine consumption.
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      References

        • Mosher C.E.
        • Danoff-Burg S.
        Addiction to indoor tanning: relation to anxiety, depression, and substance use.
        Arch Dermatol. 2010; 146: 412-417
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        • Coups E.J.
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        Prevalence and correlates of indoor tanning among US adults.
        J Am Acad Dermatol. 2008; 58: 769-780
        • Cartmel B.
        • Bale A.E.
        • Mayne S.T.
        • et al.
        Predictors of tanning dependence in white non-Hispanic females and males.
        J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2017; 31: 1223-1228
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        Sex differences and risk behaviors among indoor tanners.
        Prev Med Rep. 2016; 3: 283-287
        • O'Riordan D.L.
        • Field A.E.
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        • et al.
        Frequent tanning bed use, weight concerns, and other health risk behaviors in adolescent females (United States).
        Cancer Causes Control. 2006; 17: 679-686